Male hormone deficiency, also known as androgen deficiency, is when there is a decrease in the levels of male sex hormones needed for optimal health. The functions of the male sex hormones include:
Features of hormonal deficiency in men include:
Hormonal deficiency can be identified by discussing your symptoms or problems related to sexual function with your doctor and undergoing a complete physical examination, blood tests, semen analysis, and other specific tests such as genetic tests or MRI scanning.
Treatment for hormone deficiency is usually testosterone replacement therapy. The testosterone may be administered as injections, capsules, tablets, gels, lotions, or creams. If a pituitary gland abnormality has been detected, gonadotrophin injections may be administered to stimulate testosterone and sperm production. Possible candidates for testosterone replacement should undergo a prostate examination to rule out undiagnosed prostate cancer.